Journal of Ethnography 4/1998

"Národopisná revue" 4/98 focuses on some of the oldest records of song collections (articles by Lubomír Tyllner: The Frýdlant Manuscript of 1819, and Dana Toncrová: Collection of Austrian Folk Songs of 1819), on the oldest sources of instrumental music in Western Slovakia (Peter Michalovič: On the Oldest Sources of the Folk Instrumental Music in the Záhorí), and on folk music in the Czech-German frontier (Vladimír Baier: The Folk Music of the Two Neighbours). A previous series of articles is closed with a final part of a large study on records of folk songs and music in Strážnice (Jan Trojan: Song as a Living Form; On Records of the Melodies and the String Bands Play of the songs of Strážnice by Vladimír Úlehla).

In the Transforming Tradition column we offer an article on the history of All Saint's Day (by Alexandra Navrátilová) and a record of a 1998 field research concerning narration on Death (by Věra Frolcová). The Looking Back column presents a founder of the Ukrainian ethnography, Fedir Vovk (by Petr Kaleta). The Society's Chronicle reminds of the birthdays of ethnographers Miroslava Ludvíková (born 1923) and Ivo Stolařík (born 1923). The final part of the journal deals with conference news and reviews of exhibitions, CDs and books. The photo supplement of the journal documents the village of Šafov in the Moravian-Austrian frontier; its author is Miloš Uhlíř.

"Národopisná revue" 3/98 deals with questions of folklorism. Different views are presented by Richard Jeřábek (The Century of Folklorism; Two Examples of the Use of Folklorism in the Beginning of the 20th Century), Eva Krekovičová (Folklore, Politics and Massmedia; An Example from Slovakia), Daniela Stavělová (Contemporary Folk Dance Tradition; On Questions of its Ecology), Hana Hlôšková (Scenic Folk Narrators in the Environment of the Mass Culture), Irena Přibylová (Czech Music in Texas; At Home, or Abroad?), and Alena Dunajová (Painted Vine Cellar). The articles are followed by an entry by Věra Kovářů (Preserve Areas and Zones in the Villiges of South Moravia), and the third part of a study by Jan Trojan (Song as a Living Form; On Records of the Melody and the String Band Play of the Songs of Strážnice by Vladimír Úlehla).

The Tradition Transformation column reminds of the personality of Vladimír Úlehla (born 1888) in his attitute towards the folklore movement; other issues of the column deal with the history of the folklore ensemble Carnica from East Slovakia, and the phenomenon of the children s folk music bands in the Czech Republic. The Chronicle of the Society deals with the anniversary of Vilma Volková from the Valachia (born 1903), the deaths of the writer Jindřich Uher (1932-1998) and the ethnography worker Jiřina Králová (1911-1998); the musicologist Karl Vetterl is reminded as well. The festival and exhibition news and book reviews are followed by the Lost and Found column. This time, it brings an article by Richard Jeřábek (Dichtung und Wahrheit), which deals critically with the manipulation of the description of customs and the custom props in the work by Antonín Václavík The Annual Customs and the Folk Art (1959).

Studies in Národopisná revue 2/98 present materials on pilgrimages. There are articles on Social and cultural phenomenon of pilgrimages (by K. Zajícová), Dub-Eiche-Makkos-Encina, or, The affiliation of some attributes of Marian pilgrimage sites in Europe (by R. Jeřábek), The Pilgrimage site in Dub nad Moravou (by A. Dunajová), and Two aspects of the manifestation of contemporary devotion as seen in pilgrimages to Žarošice and Turzovka (by H. Dvořáková). The complementary article by M. Válka deals with The Adam and Eva motives in the folk art.

The Living tradition column presents contemporary Shrovetide processions in the vicinity of Vyškov in Moravia (by M. Mikysková). Society s chronicle reminds us of the anniversaries of Jan Rokyta (60 years) and Dušan Holý (65 years), and the deaths of Jan Kadlec (1927-1998), Marie Ulčová (1925-1998) and Slávek Volavý (1922-1983). This issue of the journal closes with the regular festival, exhibition and conference news, and book reviews. Enclosed you can find a list of books and magazines from the international book exchange of the Institute of Folk Culture in Strážnice in 1997.

The core of Národopisná revue 1/98 is devoted to materials on traditional folk culture of the south Moravian Podluží region. The authors deal with historical references on the region and its formation, on folk architecture, dress, dance and visual art. This issue is a link with previous presentation of other ethnographical regions in Národopisná revue (the Horácko, 1994, the hanacké Slovácko, 1995, and the Tešínsko regions, 1997). The article series is a follower of regular seminars of the Institute of European Ethnology of Masaryk University in Brno.

The rest of the journal brings the results of a sociological research which was held among visitors of the International Folklore Festival in Strážnice in 1997, after a 15 year gap, and it also brings responses of the long-term program coo pera tors.

There are evaluations of the International Folklore Festival in Východná (Slovakia), of a festival of Lužice Serbiens in Croswitz-Chroscice (Germany) and of a festival of folk instrument ensembles in Uherské Hradiště.

Society's chronicle brings an article on the anniversary of Míla Brtník (1928), an outstanding representative of folklore movement from the Horácko region, and obituaries of Vaclav Šťastný (1922-1997), Otakar Máčel (1920-1997) and Eva Flašarová (1935-1998).

The part devoted to conference and exhibition news, and reviews closes up with the regular Lost and Found column. This time it contains a commentary by Richard Jeřábek on the life and work of a special and dubious character of the Czech ethnography, Otakar Nahodil (1923-1995).