Journal of Ethnography 4/2002

The Journal of Ethnography 4/2002 deals with broad questions of folklore, specially oral folklore. Marta Šrámková in her article defines urban narrative and its position within oral folklore (Urban Narrative A Special Kind of Narration). Jolana Darulová and Katarína Koštialová focus on marriage announcements and congratulation wires. They perceive them as a new phenomenon, which has replaced an oral custom of personal invitations to wedding ceremonies and receptions (,,We Are Happy To Announce....", or, On Modern Wedding Traditions). Dagmar Klímová used her own experience to comment on reflection of language education as it is found in oral expression of certain groups of people (A Different View on Oral Tradition, or, How Little Johnny Learnt Latin). Juraj Hamar shows basic historical issues of the Slovak puppet theatre (Punch Has Been Still Living. On Traditional Puppet Theatre In Slovakia).

The photography supplement goes back to the late 19th century: it introduces pictures of the little queen girl's dance as performed by participants in Vesna Club in Brno. The Transformation Tradition column offers articles on bagpipe bands in the region of Chodsko after WWII (by Vladimír Baier), and on blueprint forms of Ivanovice na Hané (by Jarmila Pechová). Social Chronicle remembers anniversaries of Luděk Štepán (b. 1932), researcher of folk architecture; Eva Davidová (b. 1932), ethnologist and Romanist; and Václav Maňas (b. 1942), bandleader of a brass band. Other regular columns offer news from folklore festivals, academic activities, and book and CD reviews.

The Journal of Ethnography 3/2002 opens a theme, which focuses on some manifestations of present day beliefs. In her research, Tatjana Bužeková explored some superstitious ideas in western and central Slovakia; she was especially interested in people who use magical means with the aim to harm other people (Neighbours Witches). Zdeňka Machálková deals with cartomancy and fortune-tellers (Cartomancy As A Phenomenon of Contemporary Spiritual Culture). Zuzana Galiová introduces observations gained in the surroundings of Žilina and Zvolen in Slovakia during a students' research (Supernatural Creatures And How They Are Perceived Nowadays: Some Aspects). Hana Dvořáková devotes her research to the questions concerning the Romani people and their spiritual life (Romani Pilgrimages As One Form of Taking Part In The Official Religious Cult). The picture supplement of this issue of the journal deals with pilgrimages as well; Jaroslav Pulicar took his pictures in the late 1990s.

The Looking Back column offers an article called Tracing The Jewish Heritage In Galicia (Petr Kaleta). The Social Chronicle column writes about the verbunk dancer Miloslav Janulík (1921-1991), and notes the anniversaries of other important personalities of the Czech and Moravian folklorism: dancer, musician and singer Jiří Pospíšil (born 1927); dancer and folklore movement organizer Jan Miroslav Krist (born 1932); and director and musician Vaclav Bárta (born 1937). Other regular columns focus on exhibitions, festival news, and new books and CD reviews.

The Journal of Ethnography 2/2002 opens an issue of children and teenagers. In her study, Jana Pospíšilová writes about what contemporary research on children has so far neglected, the labour and duties (The Child and Labour). Dana Bittnerová deals with children's games from the point of view of function in communication of children (Tendencies in the Development of Children's Games Repertoire. An Example of Social Stratification of Games of 10- and 11-year-old Children). Zuzana Palubová tries to capture some moments of the world of Romani children (Moments: From the Life of Young Romani in Čakajovce). Juraj Hamar focuses on the role of children's folklore ensembles in education (/Cultural/ Heritage Tax Dodgers).

The Transforming Tradition column brings specific contributions to the history of folklore movement in the articles On Work in Children's Folklore Ensemble (K. Pavlištík), The Singing Competition ,,Sing Out, Little Nightingale" (A. Maděričová), and How the Festival Is Born (R. Habartová). An article called The Summer Holiday of 1914 (M. Ulrychová) presents four letters of a 15-year-old boy from the early days of WWI.

The Social Chronicle column mentions four anniversaries: the museum worker and ethnographer Josef Beneš (born 1917), musician Jaromír Štrunc (born 1932), musician Vladimir Baier (born 1932), and ethnographer Věra Kovářů (born 1932). It also brings an obituary of choreographer Vera Svobodová (1928-2002). Other regular columns deal with conferences, exhibitions, concerts, festivals, books, and CDs.

The Journal of Ethnography 1/2002 focuses on ethnographic division of Moravia and Silesia into sectors, completing thus a several-year-series of articles on this topic. Richard Jeřábek deals with ethnographic regions and ethnic and cultural boundaries of the Czech, Polish, and German groups in the regions of Lašsko, Kravařsko, and Hřebečsko. In his article, Karel Severin follows in details the historical roots of Hřebečsko region and its formation, focusing especially on German sources and literature of this region, in other contributions to the theme, Miroslav Válka pays attention to a report on the 16th century western Moravia inhabitants, the Horáci; and Alena Jeřábková shows a specific part of a female costume from Hrebecsko, a wedding pelerine, as a relict of a Renaissance costume. The Transformation Tradition column brings an article by Alena Křížová on a popularized jewel from the region of Loket, and an article by Vladimir J. Horák on the spring and new-year custom cycle of the Czech and German ethnic groups of the regions of Hana and Nizký Jeseník.

The Social Chronicle column deals with two personal anniversaries: the birthday of a radio editor and manager Jaromír Nečas (born 1922), and the birthday of a musicologist and composer Miloš Štědron (born 1942). The column also notifies the folklore ensemble Šumava from Klatovy and the 45th anniversary of its founding. Other regular columns focus on the news from exhibitions, film shows, and concerts; on book and CD reviews, on glosses, and disputes.