Journal of Ethnology 4/2005

Journal of Ethnography 4/2005 focuses on examples of intangible cultural heritage. Daniel Luther in his study introduces opening passages of an extensive project on the preservation of traditional culture in the Czech Republic („An Identification of Traditional Culture Phenomena in the Czech Republic“). Marta Ulrychová and Markéta Nová in their article follow the history of an important work from the field of semi-folk drama, the Passion plays in the Šumava mountains („The Passion Plays of Hořice“). Vladimír Baier in his article focuses on specific representatives of older bag-pipe tradition in the region of Chodsko („Folk Music in Chodsko in the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century“). The Verbuňk dance is presented as a thematically closed theme in the works of three authors: Jan Miroslav Krist, Karel Pavlištík and Jitka Matuszková („On the Verbuňk: its Present and the Future“).

The Transforming Tradition column deals with a custom called the ride of the kings (Josef Holcman„The Stealing of the King“). Social Chronicle remembers anniversaries of two ethnologists: Zdeněk Mišurec (born 1925), and Marie Brandstettrová (born 1945). There are two obituaries too, for museologist Josef Beneš (1917-2005), and dance folklorist Zdenka Jelínková (1920-2005). Other regular columns deal with conference news, festivals and concerts, book reviews, and other activities from the field of folk culture preservation.

Journal of Ethnography 3/2005 deals with the theme of folk architecture. In her study, Alena Dunajová focuses on theorethical issues of the protection of folk architecture (On Folk Architecture and Heritage Preservation). Miroslav Válka deals with the phenomenon of wooden bridges (On Wooden Communication Structures: Covered Bridges and Foot-Bridges in the Western Moravia). Markéta Hanzlíková describes in great details a specific house built in the Zlínsko region (No. 83 House in Kašava); Petra Kalábová follows a similar aim: she describes the history of one of the water mills in the region of Horňácko (The Čerešník’s Mill in Nová Lhota). Martin Šimša provides a settlemet analysis of a specific location in the region of Horňácko (The Origin and Settlement Structure of the Community of Nová Lhota).

The photo supplement of the journal remembers the 80th anniversary of the founding of the Wallachian Open-Air Museum in Rožnov pod Radhoštěm. The Social Chronicle carries a congratulation to the life anniversary of musician Kliment Navrátil (born 1925), and obiturial notices for ethnologists Miroslava Ludvíková (1923 – 2005) and Zdenek Hanzl (1944 – 2005) and choreographer Zdena Kyselá (1918 – 2004). Other regular columns come with conference, exhibition and festival news, reports from educational visits, and book reviews; the 2004 Awards of the Czech Ethnographic Society are published here as well.

Journal of Ethnography 2/2005 is focused on social groups. In his study, Igor Nosál deals with issues of childhood (“Discourses on Childhood in the Age of Postsocialism”); Ľubica Herzánová is interested in old age and growing old. What are the possible borders of old age? She has looked for the answer from several points of view, and also interviewed some inhabitants of Bratislava and Vienna (“The Trouble is that Old Age is not Interesting until One Gets there; a Foreign Country with Unknown Language”). Andrea Šalingová focuses on women-entrepreneurs in the Slovak countryside (“Tiny, Little, Harmless; Special Family Characteristics of being in Business in a Rural Location”). Jana Poláková and Helena Danielová inform about their gender research of Romany women, a project which is run by the Museum of Romany Culture in Brno (“The Roots; Gender Research of Romany Women”).

The picture supplement carries photo documents on old age and growing old, and questions the possibilities of such visual images. The Transferring Tradition column focuses on the production of birch-rods in the Moravian Wallachia, and follows its reflections in titles and names (writen by Daniel Drápala); it also focuses on the activities of collector and musician Vladimír Baier within folk music tradition in the region of Chodsko (written by Jaroslav Fiala). Social Chronicle notes the birthday of folk singer Václav Harnoš (b. 1930), and carries obituary notices: for folk musician Emil Miškeřík (1916-2004), folklorist and musician Jaroslav Jurášek (1925-2005), and ethnologist Ludvík Kunz (1914-2005). Apart from the regular conference and exhibition reports and book reviews, the discussion column focuses on the new form of Folklorika, the TV review on folk culture.

Journal of Ethnography 1/2005 focuses on issues of folklorism in visual arts, mainly the use of some elements of folk arts as a source of inspiration, and the influence of artistic periods on folk arts. In his study, Juraj Zajonc explores printed anthologies which marked the embroidery in Slovakia (“The Slovak Decoration in Printed Pattern Books” /Some notes on the origin and impact of collections of pattern books from the late 19th century to the mid-20th century/); Alena Křížová deals with the issues of folk decoration as part of school syllabi of drawing and manual work (“Teaching Folk Decoration Drawing”/ As in the Náš směr magazine/). The folk costume as a symbol of national identity is the subject of an article by Anna Pohořálková (“The Czech Society and Folk Costume in the 1880s”). Iva Magulová has explored the history of an institution, which was founded in 1909 in support of the manual work development (“On the Activities of the Regional Institution for the Trade Advancement in the Country of Moravia in Brno”). Additional studies deal with iconographic issues: Daniel Drápala expounds on the institution and changes of regional security guards portáši, who were active in Moravia and Silesia from the mid-17th to the early 19th centuries. (“Iconographic Changes of the Moravian portáš”); Jana Tichá presents her research on the myth of the Slavonic god Radegast (“The Iconography of Slavonic Deity Radegast Located in Radhošt”).

The Transforming Tradition column opens with an article by Romana Habartová called “The Folk Dress and its Present Social Need”. Social Chronicle reminds us of two anniversaries: choreographer Jiřina Mlíkovská was born in 1925, and ethnochoreologist Zdenka Jelínková was born in 1920; the column also carries two obituary notices - for choreographer Jan Čumpelík (1925-2004), and Olga Tesauerová (1933- 2004), artistic leader of the Javorník ensemble. Other regular columns include conference, exhibition, and festival news, as well as book reviews.